Tuesday, 21 August 2018

Treat your Renal failure with a Kidney transplant

Kidney failure, otherwise called End-stage-renal disease (ESRD) is the final stage of chronic renal disease. When the function falls below 15% the kidney fails to work and one cannot survive without dialysis or renal transplantation.

http://urologistmumbai.com/kidney-transplantation-or-renal-transplantation.html

 

Causes of renal failure


The leading causes of chronic kidney failure are Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension. 1 in 3 Diabetics and 1 in 5 hypertensive patients have chronic kidney disease. Other causes include overwhelming infection, nephrotoxic drugs, polycystic kidney disease, glomerulonephritis, heavy metal poisoning, etc. Some patients may be suffering from an underlying reversible process, which, if identified and corrected in time may result in the improvement of renal function. These include decreased kidney blood supply ( bleeding, vomiting, diarrhoea, burns, infection, myocardial infarction, etc), nephrotoxic drugs (analgesics, certain antibiotics) and urinary tract obstruction.

Acute kidney failure symptoms (when the kidney suddenly stops working)


Bleeding, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, back pain, fever, etc.

Chronic kidney disease produces symptoms at the last stage, i.e. when the kidney is permanently damaged


Edema (Swelling in the lower limbs), decreased urine output, nausea & vomiting, loss of appetite, muscle cramps, insomnia, itching, shortness of breath, etc.

Kidney transplantation


A renal transplant is an alternative for a lifetime of dialysis. It helps the patient to feel better and live longer. Kidney transplantation is associated with many benefits such as lower treatment cost, lower risk of death, minimal dietary restriction, and better quality of life compared to dialysis.
renal failure transplantation mumbai

Before the renal failure transplantation, kidney matching is done with the help of some tests such as tissue typing, blood typing, crossmatch. The patient is thoroughly screened before the surgery.

Kidney transplant procedure is performed under general anesthesia. Throughout the surgery, the patient’s blood pressure, heart rate, blood oxygen level is monitored. The donor surgery is done laparoscopically to give the utmost benefit to the donor. The recovery is fast and the donor goes home in a few days.

An incision is made on the lower abdomen and the new kidney is placed in the recepient. The new kidney’s arteries and veins are attached to the blood vessels of the lower part of the abdomen. The new kidney’s ureter is connected to the bladder. Once blood flow starts to the new kidney  it starts functioning.  Dr. Pradeep P Rao is a senior urology specialist in Mumbai providing excellent treatment for all urological issues with advanced technologies. His team is the only one in Mumbai to provide an option of minimally invasive robotic kidney transplantation for the recipient.
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