Wednesday, 17 July 2019

Importance Of Early Screening For Prostate Cancer

“Take a step today for a better future”

Your health is the most precious possession you have. It is your responsibility to look after it and get it protected. And the only way to do it is by having a healthy lifestyle and visiting the doctor’s clinic frequently.

Prostate cancer is a kind of cancer that can be cured if screening tests are conducted at the right time. Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in males. Men who are above 50 or have a family history of prostate cancer are more prone to this disease. Now, this particular cancer does not show up visible symptoms at an early stage. So it is recommended to go for a PSA (Prostate-specific antigen) test from the very beginning to detect the probability of prostate cancer.

When is the right time to go for a PSA test?

About 1 out of 6 men in India are prone to have Prostate cancer at some point in their entire life. Men above the age of 50 are highly recommended to go for a PSA screening test every year to check the level of PSA in the blood. Whereas men who have a family history of Prostate cancer need to go for screening after the age of 40 since they have higher chances of getting this disease.

What is the normal PSA range?

Well frankly speaking there is no specific normal or abnormal PSA level in blood. The laboratory results show you a level which might not be actually normal. So it's better to consult a urologist after each screening test. To get a more accurate result, you can go for free PSA along with normal PSA rate. If the free PSA rate is below 15% then you need to consult a urologist.

Speaking about a renowned urologist, Dr. Pradeep P. Rao is a highly qualified and experienced surgeon who is well known for his Prostate cancer treatment. He prefers robotic and laparoscopic surgery over open surgery to provide a sustainable result to his patients. It should be noted that Prostate cancer can be only cured completely if it is detected in the early stage, so be smart and get yourself checked at the earliest. 

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Tuesday, 21 August 2018

Treat your Renal failure with a Kidney transplant

Kidney failure, otherwise called End-stage-renal disease (ESRD) is the final stage of chronic renal disease. When the function falls below 15% the kidney fails to work and one cannot survive without dialysis or renal transplantation.


Causes of renal failure

The leading causes of chronic kidney failure are Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension. 1 in 3 Diabetics and 1 in 5 hypertensive patients have chronic kidney disease. Other causes include overwhelming infection, nephrotoxic drugs, polycystic kidney disease, glomerulonephritis, heavy metal poisoning, etc. Some patients may be suffering from an underlying reversible process, which, if identified and corrected in time may result in the improvement of renal function. These include decreased kidney blood supply ( bleeding, vomiting, diarrhoea, burns, infection, myocardial infarction, etc), nephrotoxic drugs (analgesics, certain antibiotics) and urinary tract obstruction.

Acute kidney failure symptoms (when the kidney suddenly stops working)

Bleeding, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, back pain, fever, etc.

Chronic kidney disease produces symptoms at the last stage, i.e. when the kidney is permanently damaged

Edema (Swelling in the lower limbs), decreased urine output, nausea & vomiting, loss of appetite, muscle cramps, insomnia, itching, shortness of breath, etc.

Kidney transplantation

A renal transplant is an alternative for a lifetime of dialysis. It helps the patient to feel better and live longer. Kidney transplantation is associated with many benefits such as lower treatment cost, lower risk of death, minimal dietary restriction, and better quality of life compared to dialysis.
renal failure transplantation mumbai

Before the renal failure transplantation, kidney matching is done with the help of some tests such as tissue typing, blood typing, crossmatch. The patient is thoroughly screened before the surgery.

Kidney transplant procedure is performed under general anesthesia. Throughout the surgery, the patient’s blood pressure, heart rate, blood oxygen level is monitored. The donor surgery is done laparoscopically to give the utmost benefit to the donor. The recovery is fast and the donor goes home in a few days.

An incision is made on the lower abdomen and the new kidney is placed in the recepient. The new kidney’s arteries and veins are attached to the blood vessels of the lower part of the abdomen. The new kidney’s ureter is connected to the bladder. Once blood flow starts to the new kidney  it starts functioning.  Dr. Pradeep P Rao is a senior urology specialist in Mumbai providing excellent treatment for all urological issues with advanced technologies. His team is the only one in Mumbai to provide an option of minimally invasive robotic kidney transplantation for the recipient.
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Thursday, 22 March 2018

Solution For All Pediatric Urology Conditions

Pediatric urology is a division that deals with the surgical subspecialty of medicine to treat the problems of genitourinary tract in children. This may involve the problems in their urination, reproductive organ, and testes.

Pediatric urology can provide equal care to both boys and girls up to their early adult age. The most common type of disorders treated includes;
Undescended testis is the commonest genital malformation in boys. Although the mechanism that regulates prenatal testicular descent is still partly obscure, there is persuasive evidence that endocrine, genetic, and environmental factors are involved. A non-palpable testis located in the abdomen, Absent or atrophic testis are the main symptoms
UPJ obstruction is the condition attained when there is a blockage in the area that connects the renal pelvis to the ureter which moves urine to the bladder. Some of these cases are solved without any surgical approach but others require the performance of surgery.

Symptoms of UPJ Obstruction are Abdominal mass, Urinary tract infection with fever and flank pain especially with increased consumption of fluid, stones and blood in urine, Pain without an infection, Urine may drain in a normal manner at one time and may get completely obstructed which causes sporadic pain.

PUV (Posterior Urethral Valves) is an abnormality affecting urethra occurring when there are some splittings in it causing the outflow of urine. This may cause a reverse flow of urine which can damage the urinary tract, urethra, urinary bladder, and kidney. Endoscopic valve ablation is the treatment offered to the disorder.

An enlarged bladder that could be detected through the abdomen as a huge mass, Urinary tract infection, Pain or difficulty while urinating, Weak stream of urine, Frequency in Urinating, Bedwetting, Poor weight gain etc are the main symptoms.
Torsion testis is a painful condition when the cord carrying the blood to the testis gets twisted. This twisting affects the blood flow and testicle tissue die off. This disorder normally affects only one of the testis, but if affected to both, this is termed as Bilateral Torsion.

Severe or sudden pain in the scrotum, Inflammation of the scrotum, Pain in the abdomen, Nausea, and vomiting, A testicle that is positioned higher than usual are the main symptoms.

Dr. Pradeep P Rao, well known as the top urologist doctor Dombivli, Mumbai provides urology treatments with well advanced technologies. He provides all kinds of pediatric urology treatments in Mumbai at affordable cost.

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Sunday, 28 January 2018

No More Renal Stones With Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Surgery

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an advanced technique to treat large renal stones formed in the kidney. PCNL is a well-established technique that is giving a higher rate of success.

PCNL surgery procedure

In the PCNL surgery, a puncture is created on the skin through the kidney to the stone. A telescopic port is inserted through the puncture. A telescope is otherwise known as a Nephroscope is passed through this port into the kidney to crush the stone, break it into pieces and remove the debris from the stone. PCNL surgery is performed usually under a general or epidural anesthesia and the real-time X-ray control is called fluoroscopy. The surgery lasts up to 2 hours. Soon after the surgery, the patient is shifted to the recovery room. If the patient is completely awakened with stable vital signs, then he will be taken to the hospital room.

Post-operative pain: The pain is controlled with analgesic and other relevant medication. It is given as either intravenous saline or injection shots. The urine is drained with the help of Nephrostomy tube for 2 days. In most of the cases, the tube is removed before the discharge from the hospital. Within the ureter to the bladder stents are inserted to promote drainage from the kidney. After 2 weeks, the stents are removed.

PCNL advantages:
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy treats a large or intricate stone with a minimally invasive procedure when compared with the conventional treatment i.e. making a large incision and a longer stay in the hospital
  • The recovery occurs in a short time in PCNL than the traditional open surgical type
  • The patient can resume his works quickly
PCNL is recommended for the following symptoms
  • Blocked urine flow
  • Pain in the flanks
  • Urine leakage
  • Recurrent urinary tract infection by kidney stones
Dr. Pradeep P. Rao is a top urologist in Mumbai. With his vast experience, he provides the best treatment for the Kidney stone removal in Mumbai at his Global hospital.

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Friday, 8 December 2017

What is penile cancer and what are the types of penile cancer?

Penile cancer is cancer occurred on the skin of the penis or in the penis. It is a rare type of cancer and mostly affects men over the age of 50. Dr. Pradeep P. Rao of the Dept. of Urology in Global Hospital, Mumbai has vast experience to treat penile cancer.

How many types of penile cancer are?

Penile cancer has several types, which depends on the cell type from where cancer is developed. The types of penile cancer include
  • Carcinoma in situ- only cells of penis skin are affected and not spread deeper
  • Squamous cell penile cancer- occurs in the cells that cover the penis surface
  • Adenocarcinoma- occurs from the glandular cells of the penis
  • Melanoma of the penis- occurs in skin cells that provide skin its color

What are the symptoms of penile cancer?

The symptoms of penile cancer include
  • Bleeding from the foreskin or the penis
  • A sore or a growth of the penis
  • Discharge of foul smell
  • Over thickening of the skin that makes foreskin, difficult to draw back
  • A change in the penis skin or foreskin color
  • A rash on the penis

What are the causes/risk factors for developing penile cancer?

The causes of penile cancer are not known properly, but there are certain factors that can increase the chances of occurring penile cancer. They are
  • Presence of human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Age above 40
  • Smoking
  • Phimosis
  • Infections

What are the treatment options available for penile cancer?

The treatment for penile cancer depends on the size and shape of the affected area. Generally, the skin graft is suggested after the surgery to avoid any further problem. The major treatment options for penile cancer are
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy

When is it recommended to see the doctor?

A visit to doctor is recommended when
  • A visible growth or sore present on the penis
  • Seen some unusual symptoms that are not regular
  • Symptoms that persist on the penis

Global Hospital, Mumbai has all the advanced techniques and infrastructure to treat penile cancer. 

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Monday, 9 October 2017

Kidney Stone Removal - No Hurt More...

Are You Searching For kidney stone specialist in Mumbai? Then Reach Dr.Pradheep Rao, the best urologist in Mumbai provides kidney stone removal effectively using most advanced technologies.

 A kidney stone is a solid material that is usually found in the urinary tract. At the time of urination, these stones come out with urine. Sometimes these stones are larger and block the passage of urine hence causes pain. In order to relieve the pain, medication is necessary. It is better to start the treatment for kidney stone removal at the initial stage rather than becoming chronic.
Kidney filters out the fluid waste materials inside the body. These waste materials then flow through ureters (thin tubes). From the ureters, it reaches urinary bladder and leaves the body through the urethra.

Causes of Kidney Stone

  • Combination of some minerals and salts increases the chances of stones.
  • Some drug usage (chemotherapy drugs, diuretics, salicylates).
  • Lead poisoning.
  • Treatment of blood cancer.
  • Anemia
  • Chronic diarrhea

Certain lifestyle factors are also responsible for kidney stones. They are specific foods with high animal protein and low fiber. Those who experience stress have chances of stone. Patients who are bedridden have high chances of stones

Types of kidney stones and Their Formation

  • Calcium Stones- These stones are formed of calcium, especially combined with oxalate or oxalic acid.
  • Uric Acid Stones- Nitrogen compounds in the food is responsible for uric acid stones.
  • Struvite Stones: These stones are formed of magnesium ammonium sulphate.
  • Cystine Stones: Amino Acid cystines, the building block of proteins are responsible for cystine stones.
  • Xanthine Stones: These stones are composed of xanthine a nitrogen compound.
  • Eating fiber-rich food, low salt, and low protein diets may decrease the chances of kidney stones.

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Monday, 7 August 2017

Be aware about Prostate cancer

prostate cancer, one of the most common types of cancer affecting men, second to skin cancer, is also one that has a high curable rate. The prostate is an exocrine gland that plays an important role in urine control in men. It also helps in retaining the fluid state of semen with the help of PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) produced by the prostate gland.

Prostate cancer has a high success rate of being cured, provided it is diagnosed at the early stages. Dr. Pradeep Rao, one of the best urologists in Mumbai, is renowned for his successful prostate cancer treatment in India.
Prostate cancer begins in the glandular cells of the gland, usually. This slowly causes changes in the shape and size of prostate cells. They do not show many symptoms before its progression.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer does not show symptoms in the early stages. However, some of the symptoms of prostate cancer that might indicate prostate cancer include the following: -
  • Persistent urges to urinate
  • Difficulty in commencing of and maintaining urination
  • Presence of blood in urine
  • Pain during urination
  • Difficulty in maintaining and achieving an erection
  • Bone pain, bone fractures and weakness are also experienced in the progressive stages of prostate cancer.
Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is rarely reported in men in the younger ages. The risk of prostate cancer is higher in men beyond the age of 50 years. Diet, genetic factors, obesity and excessive use of certain medications also prove a high risk of prostate cancer.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The usual diagnosis tests used to detect prostate cancer include the following: -

A biopsy test ascertaining the presence of cancer is followed up with X-rays, MRI scans, CT scan and isotope bone scans to check its intensity and spread.
The treatment plan for prostate cancer includes watchful waiting during the early stages, removal of prostate gland through surgical procedures, external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy.
Dr. Pradeep Rao is a leading urologist in Mumbai, specialised in stone diseases and laparoscopic uro-oncology.
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