Tuesday, 7 July 2020

Treatment for Undescended Testis in Mumbai

The undescended testicle or cryptorchidism is a common childhood condition in which boy’s testicle is not in its usual place in the scrotum. Testicular descent is usually completed in the 9th month of pregnancy and any disruption with levels or timelines of the hormones which control this decent will lead to Undescended testis. This condition is more common among baby boys born prematurely.

Most often the undescended testicle moves into its proper position on its own, within the first few months of life. However if the testicles haven’t descended by 6months, they are unlikely to do so and hence treatment will usually be recommended.

Treatment before the age of one is recommended as this might lower the risk of complications of an undescended testicle, such as infertility and testicular cancer.

Surgical procedure called orchidopexy is the most effective and preferred treatment of choice. Depending on the position of testicle orchidopexy can be performed by small cut in groin or a keyhole surgery(laparoscopy). Laparoscopy is performed when testicle cannot be palpated and thought to be higher in the tummy (abdomen). 

The next option is hormonal therapy using human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) injection. This is not usually recommended because it is much less effective than surgery.

Getting the surgery done for your little one should be chosen wisely. Dr. Pradeep Rao is a renowned Urologist specialising in Endourology and Laparoscopic Urology working in Mumbai with extensive experience in treating children with urological conditions especially Undescended testis.

Visit @ urologistmumbai.com
Blog Reviewed By: Dr Pradeep Rao
Mail us: mumbaiurologist@gmail.com
Book appointment: urologistmumbai.com/book-appointment.html

Friday, 27 March 2020

Know more about penile cancer treatment

Penile cancer is a cancer of the penis. Cancer can develop anywhere on the penis but most commonly develops under the foreskin or on the head or tip of the penis. Symptoms of penile cancer include growth or ulcer on the head of penis or foreskin or shaft, thickening or raised areas, bleeding, pain, lump underneath the foreskin.
This a relatively rare form of cancer, and one if found early can be treated quickly.

Penile Cancer

The most widely used treatment options include Surgery, Radiation Therapy, Chemotherapy, and Chemoradiotherapy.
Most effective treatment varies from patient to patient and depends on various factors like the site of cancer, stage of cancer; possible side effects and also the health of the patient and level of fitness.
  1.  Surgery: This is the physical removal of the tumor and some of the surrounding tissue. This can include laser therapy, cryosurgery, circumcision, Mohs surgery, and Lymph node removal.
  2.  Radiation Therapy: This is where high energy waves are used to kill cancer cells. This can be in the form of external radiation or internal one using implants. One needs to have a Circumcision(removal of the foreskin) before having radiotherapy.   
  3. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses anti-cancer drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be topical (in the form of creams for local application) or systemic(in the form of injections). Chemotherapy is sometimes given before or after surgery. Or it can be used if cancer has spread to the other parts of the body.
  4.  Chemoradiation: one may need chemotherapy at the same time as radiotherapy to make it work better. This is called chemoradiation.
Visit @ urologistmumbai.com
Blog Reviewed By: Dr Pradeep Rao
Mail us: mumbaiurologist@gmail.com
Book appointment: urologistmumbai.com/book-appointment.html

Wednesday, 17 July 2019

Importance Of Early Screening For Prostate Cancer

“Take a step today for a better future”

Your health is the most precious possession you have. It is your responsibility to look after it and get it protected. And the only way to do it is by having a healthy lifestyle and visiting the doctor’s clinic frequently.

Prostate cancer is a kind of cancer that can be cured if screening tests are conducted at the right time. Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in males. Men who are above 50 or have a family history of prostate cancer are more prone to this disease. Now, this particular cancer does not show up visible symptoms at an early stage. So it is recommended to go for a PSA (Prostate-specific antigen) test from the very beginning to detect the probability of prostate cancer.

When is the right time to go for a PSA test?

About 1 out of 6 men in India are prone to have Prostate cancer at some point in their entire life. Men above the age of 50 are highly recommended to go for a PSA screening test every year to check the level of PSA in the blood. Whereas men who have a family history of Prostate cancer need to go for screening after the age of 40 since they have higher chances of getting this disease.

What is the normal PSA range?

Well frankly speaking there is no specific normal or abnormal PSA level in blood. The laboratory results show you a level which might not be actually normal. So it's better to consult a urologist after each screening test. To get a more accurate result, you can go for free PSA along with normal PSA rate. If the free PSA rate is below 15% then you need to consult a urologist.

Speaking about a renowned urologist, Dr. Pradeep P. Rao is a highly qualified and experienced surgeon who is well known for his Prostate cancer treatment. He prefers robotic and laparoscopic surgery over open surgery to provide a sustainable result to his patients. It should be noted that Prostate cancer can be only cured completely if it is detected in the early stage, so be smart and get yourself checked at the earliest. 

To book an appointment, call at  +91 9820336193

Visit @ urologistmumbai.com
Blog Reviewed By: Dr Pradeep Rao
Mail us: mumbaiurologist@gmail.com
Book appointment: urologistmumbai.com/book-appointment.html

Tuesday, 21 August 2018

Treat your Renal failure with a Kidney transplant

Kidney failure, otherwise called End-stage-renal disease (ESRD) is the final stage of chronic renal disease. When the function falls below 15% the kidney fails to work and one cannot survive without dialysis or renal transplantation.



Causes of renal failure

The leading causes of chronic kidney failure are Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension. 1 in 3 Diabetics and 1 in 5 hypertensive patients have chronic kidney disease. Other causes include overwhelming infection, nephrotoxic drugs, polycystic kidney disease, glomerulonephritis, heavy metal poisoning, etc. Some patients may be suffering from an underlying reversible process, which, if identified and corrected in time may result in the improvement of renal function. These include decreased kidney blood supply ( bleeding, vomiting, diarrhoea, burns, infection, myocardial infarction, etc), nephrotoxic drugs (analgesics, certain antibiotics) and urinary tract obstruction.

Acute kidney failure symptoms (when the kidney suddenly stops working)

Bleeding, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, back pain, fever, etc.

Chronic kidney disease produces symptoms at the last stage, i.e. when the kidney is permanently damaged

Edema (Swelling in the lower limbs), decreased urine output, nausea & vomiting, loss of appetite, muscle cramps, insomnia, itching, shortness of breath, etc.

Kidney transplantation

A renal transplant is an alternative for a lifetime of dialysis. It helps the patient to feel better and live longer. Kidney transplantation is associated with many benefits such as lower treatment cost, lower risk of death, minimal dietary restriction, and better quality of life compared to dialysis.
renal failure transplantation mumbai

Before the renal failure transplantation, kidney matching is done with the help of some tests such as tissue typing, blood typing, crossmatch. The patient is thoroughly screened before the surgery.

Kidney transplant procedure is performed under general anesthesia. Throughout the surgery, the patient’s blood pressure, heart rate, blood oxygen level is monitored. The donor surgery is done laparoscopically to give the utmost benefit to the donor. The recovery is fast and the donor goes home in a few days.

An incision is made on the lower abdomen and the new kidney is placed in the recepient. The new kidney’s arteries and veins are attached to the blood vessels of the lower part of the abdomen. The new kidney’s ureter is connected to the bladder. Once blood flow starts to the new kidney  it starts functioning.  Dr. Pradeep P Rao is a senior urology specialist in Mumbai providing excellent treatment for all urological issues with advanced technologies. His team is the only one in Mumbai to provide an option of minimally invasive robotic kidney transplantation for the recipient.
contact us
Visit @ urologistmumbai.com
Mail us: mumbaiurologist@gmail.com
Book appointment: urologistmumbai.com/book-appointment.html

Thursday, 22 March 2018

Solution For All Pediatric Urology Conditions

Pediatric urology is a division that deals with the surgical subspecialty of medicine to treat the problems of genitourinary tract in children. This may involve the problems in their urination, reproductive organ, and testes.

Pediatric urology can provide equal care to both boys and girls up to their early adult age. The most common type of disorders treated includes;
Undescended testis is the commonest genital malformation in boys. Although the mechanism that regulates prenatal testicular descent is still partly obscure, there is persuasive evidence that endocrine, genetic, and environmental factors are involved. A non-palpable testis located in the abdomen, Absent or atrophic testis are the main symptoms
UPJ obstruction is the condition attained when there is a blockage in the area that connects the renal pelvis to the ureter which moves urine to the bladder. Some of these cases are solved without any surgical approach but others require the performance of surgery.

Symptoms of UPJ Obstruction are Abdominal mass, Urinary tract infection with fever and flank pain especially with increased consumption of fluid, stones and blood in urine, Pain without an infection, Urine may drain in a normal manner at one time and may get completely obstructed which causes sporadic pain.

PUV (Posterior Urethral Valves) is an abnormality affecting urethra occurring when there are some splittings in it causing the outflow of urine. This may cause a reverse flow of urine which can damage the urinary tract, urethra, urinary bladder, and kidney. Endoscopic valve ablation is the treatment offered to the disorder.

An enlarged bladder that could be detected through the abdomen as a huge mass, Urinary tract infection, Pain or difficulty while urinating, Weak stream of urine, Frequency in Urinating, Bedwetting, Poor weight gain etc are the main symptoms.
Torsion testis is a painful condition when the cord carrying the blood to the testis gets twisted. This twisting affects the blood flow and testicle tissue die off. This disorder normally affects only one of the testis, but if affected to both, this is termed as Bilateral Torsion.

Severe or sudden pain in the scrotum, Inflammation of the scrotum, Pain in the abdomen, Nausea, and vomiting, A testicle that is positioned higher than usual are the main symptoms.

Dr. Pradeep P Rao, well known as the top urologist doctor Dombivli, Mumbai provides urology treatments with well advanced technologies. He provides all kinds of pediatric urology treatments in Mumbai at affordable cost.

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Mail @ mumbaiurologist@gmail.com

Sunday, 28 January 2018

No More Renal Stones With Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Surgery

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an advanced technique to treat large renal stones formed in the kidney. PCNL is a well-established technique that is giving a higher rate of success.


PCNL surgery procedure

In the PCNL surgery, a puncture is created on the skin through the kidney to the stone. A telescopic port is inserted through the puncture. A telescope is otherwise known as a Nephroscope is passed through this port into the kidney to crush the stone, break it into pieces and remove the debris from the stone. PCNL surgery is performed usually under a general or epidural anesthesia and the real-time X-ray control is called fluoroscopy. The surgery lasts up to 2 hours. Soon after the surgery, the patient is shifted to the recovery room. If the patient is completely awakened with stable vital signs, then he will be taken to the hospital room.

Post-operative pain: The pain is controlled with analgesic and other relevant medication. It is given as either intravenous saline or injection shots. The urine is drained with the help of Nephrostomy tube for 2 days. In most of the cases, the tube is removed before the discharge from the hospital. Within the ureter to the bladder stents are inserted to promote drainage from the kidney. After 2 weeks, the stents are removed.

PCNL advantages:
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy treats a large or intricate stone with a minimally invasive procedure when compared with the conventional treatment i.e. making a large incision and a longer stay in the hospital
  • The recovery occurs in a short time in PCNL than the traditional open surgical type
  • The patient can resume his works quickly
PCNL is recommended for the following symptoms
  • Blocked urine flow
  • Pain in the flanks
  • Urine leakage
  • Recurrent urinary tract infection by kidney stones
Dr. Pradeep P. Rao is a top urologist in Mumbai. With his vast experience, he provides the best treatment for the Kidney stone removal in Mumbai at his Global hospital.

Mail us @ mumbaiurologist@gmail.com
Visit @ urologistmumbai.com

Friday, 8 December 2017

What is penile cancer and what are the types of penile cancer?

Penile cancer is cancer occurred on the skin of the penis or in the penis. It is a rare type of cancer and mostly affects men over the age of 50. Dr. Pradeep P. Rao of the Dept. of Urology in Global Hospital, Mumbai has vast experience to treat penile cancer.

How many types of penile cancer are?

Penile cancer has several types, which depends on the cell type from where cancer is developed. The types of penile cancer include
  • Carcinoma in situ- only cells of penis skin are affected and not spread deeper
  • Squamous cell penile cancer- occurs in the cells that cover the penis surface
  • Adenocarcinoma- occurs from the glandular cells of the penis
  • Melanoma of the penis- occurs in skin cells that provide skin its color

What are the symptoms of penile cancer?

The symptoms of penile cancer include
  • Bleeding from the foreskin or the penis
  • A sore or a growth of the penis
  • Discharge of foul smell
  • Over thickening of the skin that makes foreskin, difficult to draw back
  • A change in the penis skin or foreskin color
  • A rash on the penis

What are the causes/risk factors for developing penile cancer?

The causes of penile cancer are not known properly, but there are certain factors that can increase the chances of occurring penile cancer. They are
  • Presence of human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Age above 40
  • Smoking
  • Phimosis
  • Infections

What are the treatment options available for penile cancer?

The treatment for penile cancer depends on the size and shape of the affected area. Generally, the skin graft is suggested after the surgery to avoid any further problem. The major treatment options for penile cancer are
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy

When is it recommended to see the doctor?

A visit to doctor is recommended when
  • A visible growth or sore present on the penis
  • Seen some unusual symptoms that are not regular
  • Symptoms that persist on the penis

Global Hospital, Mumbai has all the advanced techniques and infrastructure to treat penile cancer. 

Mail us @ mumbaiurologist@gmail.com