Friday, 7 April 2017

Treatment for Prostate Cancer

A common type of cancer among men, the incidence of prostate cancer has increased over the years. Prostate cancer occurs when prostate, the gland that produces seminal fluid, develops abnormal tissue growth. Prostate cancer treatment is highly successful when started early. Though it is usually known to progress slowly, some cases of prostate cancer are reported to develop quickly and spread to other glands.

Symptoms of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer has a high probability to develop with old age, due to obesity or following a history of the disease in the family. With its growing rate nowadays, it is always good to keep an eye open for its symptoms. some of the symptoms that usually develops with prostate cancer are given below: -
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Reduced urine quantity or trouble during urination
  • Blood in semen or urine
  • Backache
  • Inflammation or swelling in legs
Diagnosis of prostate cancer
An early detection of the disease can lead to better and faster cure. If the symptoms of the disease are present it is best t get immediate medical attention. Prostate cancer treatment is based on the its diagnosis done with the following tests: -
  • Digital Rectal Examination – abnormalities in rectum are examined
  • PSA Tests – blood test to detect the presence of prostate specific antigen.
  • Ultrasound scans – trans rectal ultrasound scans are done to detect abnormal growth
  • Biopsy – tissue testing to detect the presence of cancer cells.
Prostate cancer treatment
The prostate cancer treatment methodology is based on the age of the patient, intensity of the issue and degree of spread of the disease. In cases when the progress is slow and the patient is old, watchful waiting with regular monitoring and check-ups are followed.
Other treatments followed include surgical removal of the prostate gland, external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy which are used to kill prostate cancer cells directly. Treatments with the help of hormone therapy are used for treatment of this cancer.
Dr. Pradeep Prabhakar Rao, one of the best consultant urologist based in Mumbai offers specialised treatment for urological diseases like prostate cancer.

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